Wednesday, June 7, 2017

What is an upweller?

Under the leadership of Jennifer Filiault and Steve Parks, the MOP team has begun construction of an upweller at the Maritime GloucesterMuseum to raise infant oyster spat to a 2 inch size so that they can be used for oyster propagation.

An upweller is a system of tanks that flow seawater over the oyster spat so that it receives a good flow of nutritious water for it to filter and feed on. The oysters filter out the plankton, digest it and use the nutrition to grow.  A typical upweller contains the oyster spat in containers with screen bottoms. The water is forced up through the screen bottoms around the oysters and out the top where it is returned to the ocean or estuary.


upweller phtoto
Diagram of an Upweller Oyster Nursery



The screen is changed over the course of a growing season as the oyster spat grows. Initially we are starting with the finest mesh screen we could get at Home Depot. It can even keep out No-see-ums! Over time our interns will be changing the screen to larger and larger mesh sizes.

image of upweller oyster nursery construction
Adding Screen to the Buckets

Image of Upweller oyster nursery construction
Bucket with Screen for Upweller Oyster Nursery


There are several types of upwellers and they are largely classified by their location. They can be in the water beneath a dock, near the water on a floating dock, or in our case, on structures. Ours will be located on a dock at Maritime Gloucester.

Upweller Oyster Nursery Photo


In mid-June we will be receiving 60,000 baby oysters or spat. They will be approximately 1-2 millimeters in size. They will be delivered via FedEx in a coffee can sized container. While they start off small, they will grow fast. By September they will be 2 inches long. It is amazing to see the growth!  

When we first started restoring oysters to Boston Harbor we experimented with some dime sized oysters. From August 9th to September 9th they grew from the size of a dime to the size of a quarter! It was an amazing transition that filled us with excitement seeing the oysters could grow so robustly.

As we move into fall the oysters will be 1.5-2 inches in length. They will begin storing glycogen for the winter when they go into hibernation mode. At seasons end, we will test the oysters to be sure they are safe, and then find them a new home.  

To learn more about bvuilding an upweller you can visit this PDF file..

Monday, June 5, 2017

A Bit About Raising Oysters for Pearls in Polynesia

One of our Board members is in the jewelry industry. She is learning more about pearls. She provided this information about growing the oysters. 

Pearl farms in French Polynesia don’t operate hatcheries, so the collection of wild shell is of paramount importance. Spat are collected by placing objects, such as dark plastic mesh, to lines a few feet below the water’s surface. As spat float by on the current, the baby mollusks attach themselves to the object using their byssus (foot).
Spat collectors with thousands of shells attached
After six months, the spat collectors are taken to the surface, and the baby mollusks are removed. A single collector might host 15,000 baby shells. They are placed into special baskets and hung from growing platforms at depths  of up to eight meters.
Three black-lipped shells at various stages of growth
When the shells are nearly adults, they undergo their first operation—one that is unique to pearling operations that utilize black lips. They are pulled from the water, and a small hole is drilled through the shells. There is no danger to the animal during this operation as the piercing is just outside the hinge. A nylon rope is then inserted through this hole and tied. This process is repeated, resulting in a chain, or chaplet, of ten to twenty pearl mollusks. The chaplets are returned to the platform for the final grow-out of the young shells.

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Improving Clam Populations with Sea Grass and Oyster Shell

In the popular press we have seen several articles about ocean acidification adversely affecting the growth of clams and some species of oyster. This article from a Yale Environmental blog does a wonderful job laying out the challenge and two solutions: eel grass that can process CO2 in the water and placing oyster shell. We have been recycling shell at the Mass Oyster Project for over a decade. Oyster shell was once a major part of our estuarine ecosystems. By returning it through recycling or oyster restoration, we are bringing that balance back. 

How Growing Sea Plants Can Help Slow Ocean Acidification

Researchers are finding that kelp, eelgrass, and other vegetation can effectively absorb CO2 and reduce acidity in the ocean. Growing these plants in local waters, scientists say, could help mitigate the damaging impacts of acidification on marine life.
Kelp_NationalOceanService_450.jpg
Robert Schwemmer/NOAA
Harvesting kelp, shown here off the California coast, removes CO2 from the ecosystem.
Oregon’s picturesque Netarts Bay has long been known for its oysters. But Netarts, like the whole west coast of North America, is getting more acidic. And the oysters don’t like it.
Since the Industrial Revolution, carbon dioxide in the air has seeped into ocean waters and boosted acidity by 30 percent. Globally, the oceans’ pH has dropped from 8.2 to 8.1, and could drop another 0.4 units by the end of the century. The problem is worse off the west coast of North America, where acidic bottom-waters are brought up to the surface by onshore winds. Corrosive waters like those suck up the building blocks for shells, and can literally eat away at the skeletons of corals.
Last summer, Oregon State University marine ecologist George Waldbusser and his team boated around Netarts Bay planting baby oysters to see how they would fare. The only ones that thrived were those protected by beds of eelgrass, which seemed to swallow up enough carbon dioxide during the peak of each day to give the oysters a break from acid and a window of opportunity for growth.
“Basically nothing outside of those beds survived,” says Waldbusser, who hasn’t yet published the work. Meanwhile, the Whiskey Creek Shellfish Hatchery in Netarts Bay has started only pulling water into their tanks in the afternoon, when photosynthesis peaks and the water is less acidic.
Waldbusser is part of a small team of scientists now exploring the idea that seagrasses, kelps, and shell beds might be able to counteract the rising tide of ocean acidity in local hot spots, making life a little easier for struggling animals. He and other experts on the West Coast Ocean Acidification and Hypoxia Science Panel, which released its first report this April, recommended that scientists and managers push forward such strategies to suck CO2 out of the water.
The idea is a smaller, gentler cousin to grander schemes of geo-engineering. There have been proposals to soak up the ocean’s excess acid by throwing iron, limestone, or olivine into the water, boosting plankton growth, adding the building blocks for shells, or chemically absorbing CO2. But the general response to such plans usually ranges from head-shaking disbelief that they might be feasible or effective, to widespread concern about the possible ecological side effects. The energy needed to mine and distribute rocks, and the unpredictable shift in food webs, have made these schemes unappealing on a global scale. 
One study said seagrass meadows should give corals about an 18 percent boost in growth.
On the local scale, however, lower-cost, lower-risk ecological restoration might have the dual benefit of giving threatened sea creatures both a better place to live and a refuge from ocean acid.
Oysters would not be the only creatures to benefit. Derek Manzello manages a long-term ocean acidification monitoring site at Cheeca Rocks in the Florida Keys, as part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) National Coral Reef Monitoring Program. That particular patch of coral is one of the only reefs in the Florida Keys that is still growing; in other reefs, most corals have died from disease and bleaching since the early 1980s. This is odd because Cheeca Rocks, like other near-shore spots in Florida, sees high temperature swings and large amounts of soil and nutrients dumped into the water, which should limit coral growth. There are several possible explanations for Cheeca Rocks’ resistance to these problematic conditions, including that the corals there might be genetically adapted to thrive in harsh conditions. But another possible explanation is that they are living in a low-acidity refuge created by nearby seagrass beds.
In 2012, Manzello showed that Florida’s inshore waters, including where Cheeca Rocks sits, are packed with dissolved aragonite, the material that corals need to grow. Acids in the water decrease the aragonite saturation value; if it gets below 1, corals and shells start to dissolve. In pre-industrial times, these inshore waters typically had a saturation value of 4.6. Today, most reefs in Florida and the Caribbean have been eked down to 3.8. But Florida’s inshore waters have a happy 4.7.
“This is a huge difference,” says Manzello. The reason is the banks of seagrass growing in Florida’s inshore waters, like turtle grass and manatee grass, that suck up CO2 as they photosynthesize — particularly in the spring.
Another study out that same year showed the same effect in the tropical Indo-Pacific. Seagrass meadows there have the potential to increase aragonite saturation by up to 2.9 units, and the pH by 0.38. That should give corals about an 18 percent boost in growth, making seagrass a potential tool for marine park managers, the authors write.
20150522_114122_450.jpg
George Waldbusser/OSU
Stephanie Smith stands in a bed of Zostera marina seagrass in Netarts Bay with the CO2 sensor she designed while a graduate student at Oregon State University.
The potential is huge. Plants in the ocean, from seagrasses to plankton, add up to just 0.05 percent of the plant biomass on land, but are so pervasive and efficient at sucking up carbon that they cycle through roughly the same amount of carbon every day as all the land-based plants. Yet seagrass ecosystems are being wiped out, thanks to everything from pandemic disease to water pollution and coastal construction projects. The rate of loss has skyrocketed from less than 1 percent of global seagrass cover per year in the 1970s to 7 percent annually in the 2000s, making seagrasses one of the planet’s most threatened ecosystems. Efforts to restore or farm such plants could have a host of benefits, including soaking up atmospheric carbon.
Waldbusser cautions that many scientists don’t yet know about the effect of seagrasses on ocean chemistry. Some breeds, like the invasive Zostera japonicaeelgrass in Oregon, tend to shed their leaves in the winter, and the degrading plant matter boosts carbon dioxide levels in the water rather than lowering them. And if the water is swift flowing, then any patches of water made less acidic by plants will likely be swept away before they have a chance to benefit local shellfish or corals.
Seagrasses aren’t the only possible solution. Kelp is also well known for soaking up excess nutrients and making waters cleaner for shellfish. Most academic papers looking at the benefits of kelp don’t even mention acidification. But it didn’t take much for Nichole Price of the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Science in Maine to put two and two together. “The biggest challenge in land-based kelp nurseries is keeping the pH low enough because they consume so much CO2,” says Price, who wondered how those same photosynthetic algae were affecting ocean waters.
Price teamed up with Ocean Approved, North America’s first commercial kelp farmer, to put instruments inside and outside of its kelp farms to see what was going on. In as-yet-unpublished work, they show that the aragonite saturation level is half a unit to a full unit higher within the kelp farm. “That’s bigger than the change we expect from ocean acidification,” she says. Next year they plan to map the extent of the impact, and test the effect of the kelp on a mussel farm around the corner. That farm, says Price, has already started growing kelp based on these preliminary results. 
Researchers will soon start the first large-scale project to plant and grow kelp to suck up CO2.
The key, says Price, is to harvest the kelp so that the carbon it extracts gets removed from the ecosystem. It’s hard to compete with Asian kelp suppliers, but local kelp could be dried and used as food or fertilizer, adding a layer of economic diversity to a struggling coastal economy. “There’s a lot of potential for shellfish aquaculture, but people are really hesitant [because of acidification],” says Price, who now heads up Bigelow’s Centers for Venture Research. Pairing up with seaweeds might be the trick to buy new businesses a bit of insurance against future conditions, she says.
This autumn, researchers will start the first large-scale project to intentionally plant and grow kelp to suck up carbon dioxide. The Puget Sound Restoration Fund, based in Bainbridge Island, Washington, won $1.5 million from the Paul G. Allen Ocean Challenge in April 2015 to investigate the potential for sugar kelp to reduce acidity in local waters, where the pH can hit 7.8. Plans call for starting farming an acre of kelp this October.
Ocean waters can be buffered against acids by non-living material, too. Instead of soaking up carbon dioxide, the strategy here is to add more carbonate to the water. That shifts the aragonite saturation point and, again, makes it easier for shells to grow. 
Nearly every estuary that once had a thriving oyster industry hosts an effort to put old shells back into the water, says Waldbusser. Most, if not all, of these projects are focused on giving the oysters or other shellfish something to grow on — their babies prefer to sit on piles of old shells, rather than getting buried or choked by mud. The fact that these shells help to buffer water acidity is an added bonus.
The Chesapeake Bay, he notes, has seen the largest oyster reef restoration effort to date and also possibly the largest (and unintentional) ocean acidification buffering experiment. About 196 million bushels of dredged oyster shells were put back into Chesapeake Bay from 1960 until 2006, before the project coordinators ran low on shells. They’re still about 100 million bushels short of where the Chesapeake’s ecology would have been had oysters not been extracted for centuries, notes Waldbusser, and the effects on the bay’s complex water chemistry have so far been hard to track. But that doesn’t mean that shells can’t shift pH significantly under different conditions.
In previous work off the coast of Maine, Waldbusser’s team, led by Mark Green of Saint Joseph’s College of Maine, mixed old ground-up shells with ocean sediments and replanted them. They then looked to see how that affected oysters. Three times as many oyster larvae settled in the shell-rich soils as in the non-shelled soils, they found. The reason, Waldbusser thinks, is because of a change in water acidity within the pores of the sediment.
Examining How Marine Life Might Adapt to Acidified Oceans
In an interview with Yale Environment 360, marine biologist Gretchen Hofmann discusses how well mollusks and other shell-building organisms might evolve to live in increasingly corrosive ocean conditions caused by soaring CO2 emissions.READ MORE
“You have this incredibly hostile environment in the pore water, which is generally more acidic than the overlying water,” says Waldbusser. “Mix shell in and it’s a little less hostile.”
Waldbusser is familiar with other proposed ways of shifting ocean pH. He wrote a proposal to use the waste CO2 emitted from a hatchery to dissolve calcium carbonate rocks and bubble the products back into the ocean, helping to buffer acidity in much the same way as is done in home aquariums. But it didn’t get funded. “There are lots of technologies that exist and things you can do, but it comes back to scalability and unintended consequences,” says Waldbusser. Using rocks to buffer ocean water, for example, involves using energy to treat the minerals beforehand so they dissolve, and then you have to worry about toxic levels of nickel or cadmium hitching a ride along with the rocks.
In the end, says Waldbusser, “I always come back to restoration.” Replanting the seagrasses or shell banks that used to exist in an estuary is much safer, and often easier, than some industrial schemes. And, he adds, it probably comes with “built-in benefits that we don’t even recognize.”

Monday, May 15, 2017

Virginia Oyster Hatchery Jobs

Shellfish Hatchery Job Vacancies
Cherrystone Aqua Farms is currently seeking qualified candidates to fill several new positions and vacancies.  Cherrystone Aqua Farms is a vertically integrated shellfish farming business located on Virginia’s Eastern Shore.  The company operates two large commercial hatcheries and numerous nurseries throughout the region.  Cherrystone is in the process of constructing a new 10,000 square foot hatchery to expand our production capabilities and meet the demand for current and future needs.  The below positions will be filled when a suitable candidate is obtained.  Please send Cover Letter and Resume to timr@clamandoyster.com
We are currently accepting applications and resumes for the positions listed below:
1.  Assistant Hatchery Manager-
Duties involve all aspects of hatchery operation and are to include but are not limited to the following:
·       Supervising and executing all aspects of operation in manager’s absence
·       Delegating responsibility and tasks when necessary
·       General hatchery maintenance to maintain equipment and culture systems
·       Duties may require assistance with the rearing of juvenile clams larval, nursery and outside upwelling systems
·       Assist in reporting and monitoring all hatchery logs and records for accuracy.
·       Working Weekends
·       Operation, assistance and monitoring of 24hour call out system and/or emergency situations before, during and after normal working hours
·       Position requires a candidate with Shellfish hatchery experience
*Compensation and Benefits: Salary will be commensurate with experience.
2.  Algae Culture Coordinator
Duties involve all aspects of algae culture and are to include but are not limited to the following:
·       Responsible for preparation and sustainment of facility algae systems
·       Microscopic inspection and counting of Algae when necessary
·       Monitoring and Reporting nutrient, pH and CO2 issues or problems
·       Direction/Organization and/or completion of the transfer and inoculation of all systems including algal stocks
·       Direction/Organization and/or preparation of sterilization of media and equipment
·       Maintaining, routinely cleaning and properly storing all equipment
·       Monitoring and filling algae collection and reservoir tanks
·       Cleaning all water and algae collection tanks as well as filtration system used in the facility
·       Monitor and report supplies and chemicals needed for algae work
·       Assist with 24-hour callout should manager and assistant manager be unavailable
·       This position will oversee the entire hatcheries algae personnel.
·       Willingness to work weekends
*Compensation and Benefits: Salary will be commensurate with experience

3.  Algae Culture Technician
Duties involve all aspects of algae culture and are to include but are not limited to the following:
·       Assist in preparing and sustaining all facility algae systems
·       Monitoring nutrients, pH and CO2 levels
·       Transferring, inoculating and maintaining all algae systems including flask cultures and algal stocks
·       Sterilizing and preparing media and equipment
·       Maintaining, routinely cleaning and properly storing all equipment
·       Filling and monitoring all algae collection and reservoir tanks
·       Cleaning all water and algae collection tanks as well as filtration system used in the facility
·       Assist in other hatchery departments when needed or directed by supervisor
·       Willingness to work weekends
*Compensation and Benefits: Salary 25-35K annual based on knowledge and experience.
4.  Larvae/Nursery Technician

Duties involve all aspects of rearing both larval and juvenile clams in aquaculture nursery and are to include but are not limited to the following.
·       Maintaining brood stock for conditioning including detailed logs with dates of arrival and reconditioning
·       Monitoring brood stock room and tank temperatures as well as feeding levels
·       Routine cleaning of all pipes and pumps filling or feeding the brood stock tanks
·       Clean and monitor feeding reservoirs and timer’s.
·       Clean brood stock on established schedule and as needed, prepare and/or collect water for the following change.
·       Responsible for cleaning clams and feeding clams at or above 200 microns in size in downwelling and upwelling systems
·       Cleaning and assembling cylinders, tanks and associated equipment during and after sieving.
·       Maintaining and cleaning fill lines and pumps as needed
·       Volume and distribute clams in the downwelling and upwelling systems
·       Monitor feed and flow timer and report any issue to supervisor
·       Assist in larval culture including tank cleaning, larval feedings and setting
·       Assist in water collection for larval water changes
·       Willingness to work weekends
*Compensation and Benefits: Salary 25-35K annual based on knowledge and experience.

Tim Rapine
Ballard Fish and Oyster Company
 

Monday, April 24, 2017

Oyster Hatchery Jobs on New Hampshire's Great Bay

Fat Dog Shellfish is seeking 1-2 seasonal Farm Techs to assist with all aspects of our rapidly growing oyster farming operation in Great Bay, New Hampshire.  These positions will run from mid-May through Labor Day and are ideal for college or graduate students between years.  Farm Techs will get hands on experience with all aspects of our operation including growing seed in upwellers, nursery cultivation, cage culture, bottom planting, and harvesting.  No experience necessary-just an interest in aquaculture and a willingness to work hard and get really (really) muddy-all with a great attitude.

The map below shows the location, which is close to the fun town of Portsmouth. It does not show the beauty of the Great Bay estuary and the active oyster restoration underway there under Ray Grizzle. 

Map of New Hampshire's Great Bay Estuary that once had an enormous oyster population. 
If interested, please email me at jbaker@fatdogshellfish.com.

Friday, April 14, 2017

Let Your Voice On Oyster Restoration Be Heard- Take the Survey

















Speak up for oyster restoration in Massachusetts. Your opinion can be heard. Take the survey that is being administered by Doctoral Students at UMass Boston. It takes 5 minutes.

There also will be meetings in various coastal towns. Manchester will be on April 26th. When we get details, we will share them. 

Thursday, April 13, 2017

Hatchery Job in Long Island Raise oysters!

SHELLFISH HATCHERY TECHNICIAN POSITION:
CAREER EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY – We are currently seeking a hardworking, career minded person to assist in the development of Great Atlantic Shellfish Farms located on the Great South Bay, Long Island N.Y.
 
JOB DISCRIPTION – The technician will participate in all activities associated with shellfish culture on a commercial scale.  This will include broodstock maintenance and conditioning, spawning, larval and juvenile culturing, algal production, land-based nursery culturing and maintenance, field system production, equipment and system maintenance, record keeping, data analysis and seed sales.
 
QUALIFICATIONS – A Bachelor’s Degree in marine science, marine biology, aquaculture or equivalent education is required.  Basic knowledge of the principles of shellfish production is essential.  Shellfish aquaculture experience is preferred.
 
SKILLS – Good record keeping, reporting and communicating skills are necessary.  The ability to properly handle a boat is preferred.
 
 
APPLY BY EMAIL – Please send resume to either:
Douglas Winter     dwinter@gsbhatchery.com
Martin Byrnes        mbyrnes@gsbhatchery.com

Thursday, March 30, 2017

Orleans moving ahead with exciting work on Nitrogen Removing Oysters

This article outlines the discussion around Orleans funding of a project on studying oysters as a tool for nitrogen removal. Despite discussion, the project was funded for another year. 

You can see the original article here.

Selectmen Digest Report On Nitrogen-Removing Oysters 22 March 2017

By: Ed Maroney

ORLEANS, MA — He who pays the piper should call the tune – even if it's the sewer piper. But some feel the piper – the regulators and consultants – are making the town dance instead.

Things aren't that simple, however.

In recent years, Orleans has explored alternatives to widespread sewering to meet nitrogen reduction goals for its waters. Among the alternatives outside of downtown have been low-tech and less expensive options such as oyster filtration. But the town is still hearing “prove it” from the state Department of Environmental Protection, and that proof comes at a cost.

At last week's board meeting, Selectman Mark Mathison voiced concern about the town's role as banker for experiments that may also benefit many other parties. He spoke March 15 after a presentation by AECOM environmental scientist Paula Winchell about results of the oyster pilot project in Lonnies Pond and its proposed second phase.

Winchell said testing of oysters from last year's experiment showed that 10.3 percent of dry tissue weight was nitrogen, a finding comparable to similar work done in Pleasant Bay. Almost 26 kilograms of nitrogen was removed via the oysters. The experiment deployed 200,000 oysters in 800 bags; about 127,000 were two-inch and the remainder one-inch.

The town's target for nitrogen reduction in Lonnies Pond is approximately 300 kilograms a year, and the total maximum daily load allowed is about 0.82 kilograms a day. The proposed second phase of the project would ramp things up with 3,000 bags holding 600 one-year oysters each and 4,500 bags with 250 two-year oysters each. There would be four one-acre “plot” floats of oysters: two over deeper water and softer bottom than last year's experiment, one in a location similar to last year's, and another over the same area used last year. This last would continue to add deposits to the bottom area where the initial study took a first look at denitrification.

Mathison asked if the town was committing significant money to an aquaculture project that would not provide solutions for all the town's ponds and that might not win the approval of state regulators.

“Why are we asking the taxpayers of Orleans to fund these scientific investigations?” he said. “They should be done in the research field.”

To Mathison's point that last year's study had confirmed what was already known – that oysters can aid in denitrification of ponds – the town's water quality consultant, Mike Domenica, said that the question is whether such a program can be managed over time so “DEP can bet on it.” More work is needed, he said, to determine whether the process is cost-effective per kilogram removed. “We can't put all the burden on one technology,” he cautioned.

Mathison called for more details on aquaculture plans. “What's the impact on moorings, boating, swimming?” he asked. “Not only do we need something demonstrated to DEP, but to the taxpayers of the town.”

“All of us,” Domenica said, “are aware of the elephant in the room, the long-term impact, the acceptability to abutters, growers” and marketing the grown shellfish. “This is what Year 2 will be,” he said, a look at those concerns.

“I think DEP should be paying for some of this,” Selectman Jon Fuller said. “Orleans is paying for everything.” Even so, he was reluctant not to proceed with Year 2 and lose the progress already made.

The board was to vote on releasing funds for further work in Lonnies Pond at its meeting last night, after the paper's deadline.


Monday, March 20, 2017

University Illinois Student Volunteers Enjoyed Oyster Restoration Work Most


This article by Jason Nevil originally appeared in the State-Journal Register. It illustrates how people enjoy being on the coast and engaging in environmental efforts like oyster restoration.


If her schedule allows, she wouldn't mind another alternative spring break next year, she said. "If I can, I definitely will," Bolin said.



Hailey Hawkins spent as much time around bleach as she did on a beach the past week while in Florida. But the University of Illinois Springfield junior has no complaints.
"It was definitely a very different spring break," Hawkins said Sunday. "But I had a lot of fun."
Hawkins was among 25 UIS students who traveled to Florida last week as part of the school's alternative spring break program.
The students helped with outdoor eco-restoration projects along the Florida panhandle Gulf Coast.
Past trips include building homes for Habitat for Humanity following Hurricane Katrina, cleaning up damage from Hurricane Ike in Texas and working with the homeless at soup kitchens in Washington, D.C., and New York City.
This year, the students assisted with shoreline restoration, native plant propagation, sea grass restoration, wildlife habitat improvement, dune restoration, storm water treatment, public land restoration and invasive species removal.
Hawkins said her favorite part of this year's trip was helping with an oyster-restoration project.
"It was cool because it was something that we couldn't possibly do in Illinois," she said.
But much of the work wasn't glamorous. Hawkins spent two days scrubbing the under side of a roof with bleach at the E.O. Wilson Biophilia Center in Freeport.
Other students, she said, spent one day on their hands and knees cleaning waste and other debris from a goose pond at a zoo.
"Your clothes were gross by the end of the day," she said.
Mark Dochterman, director of the UIS Volunteer & Civic Engagement Center, said each student paid $150 and had to raise funds for the rest to go on the trip. Once in Florida, the group stayed at the Community Collaborations International campgrounds near DeFuniak Springs. The university picks places that offer a different experience than what students could get in Springfield, Dochterman said. "I think students bring back a different sense of purpose when they go and give freely to a place they have never been before," he said. UIS junior Regina Bolin also traveled to Florida last week. Bolin said her favorite part was being exposed to the variety of eco-restoration projects underway in Florida. The work this year was hard at times, but Bolin said it was enjoyable knowing that she and her classmates helped make a difference.

Work with Oysters in the Vacationland of Maine




Oyster farm attendant

The Farms of Muscongus Bay Aquaculture and Dodge Cove Marine Farm cultivate delicious American oysters, hard clams, and bay scallops in the beautiful, and renowned Damariscotta River of mid-coast Maine.

We are looking for enthusiastic, reliable, and level-headed individuals, with an excellent work ethic, to come join our lively crew with daily farm operations.

Duties may include, but not be limited to;
  • -       Dragging
  • -       Culling
  • -       Grading
  • -       Processing oysters for market
  • -       Monitoring condition of broodstock shellfish
  • -       Fixing and maintaining gear



Preferred abilities:
  • -       Solid and verifiable boat handling skills essential
  • -       Happy working as part of a team
  • -       Organized and diligent
  • -       Quick problem solving
  • -       Able to lift 50 lbs.
  • -       Able to work in adverse weather conditions
  • -       Positive attitude
  • -       A good representative of the companies
  • -       Must be able to work in the U.S., and have a valid U.S. driver’s license



Applicants should send questions and resume to nellie@muscongusbay.com