Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Interesting Update On New York's Oyster Restoration Activity

We found this article interesting as it highlights some of the challenges of oyster restoration. Like our contemporaries in New York, we have faced challenges from silt and worries of poaching (although we saw no evidence of this in our work thus far.)   The original article appears in The Guardian. 

Conservation project hopes to bring back New York's oysters

Bronx River oyster restoration project aims to reintroduce the molluscs that purify waters and help provide storm defenses - but pollution levels will still make them hazardous to eat
Ray Grizzle holds an oyster grown at Soundview Park in the Bronx borough of New York, August 22, 2012. Marine scientists, planners and government officials say millions of mollusks living in waters off New York and other cities could go a long way toward cleaning up America s polluted urban environment.
 Ray Grizzle holds an oyster grown at Soundview Park in the Bronx borough of New York. Marine scientists, planners and government officials say millions of molluscs living in waters off New York and other cities could go a long way toward cleaning up America’s polluted urban environment. Photograph: Mary Altaffer/AP
The woman sat in the muck beside the Bronx River in the northern part of New York City, measured the oyster between a pair of calipers, and called out to her partner. “31 ... no, 32 millimeters. Um, dead. No, alive! Wait.” She paused, noticing the two halves of the oyster shell had separated and filled with mud. “Dead,” she said sadly.
Live oysters were what this small group of volunteers, scientists and activists fervently hoped to find in this distant corner of New York City, called Soundview, on that crystal clear morning in May.
The volunteers wore borrowed waders over old sneakers. They ventured out into the dark water, using walking sticks to avoid stumbling in the deep mud that coated the bottom of the river. Reaching down into water, about 20 yards offshore, they pulled out baskets of oysters and carried them carefully back to the riverbank to check for winter survivors.
This was phase two of something known as the Oyster Restoration Research Project, run by the New York/New Jersey Baykeeper program, the Hudson River Foundation, the Army Corps of Engineers, and other partners, to restore oysters to an ecosystem they once dominated.
In the first phase, the other test restoration locations – off Governors Island, in the Bay Ridge flats, Jamaica Bay – all failed, the oysters washed away by rough waves or smothered to death in mud. The reefs at Soundview are now the only active oyster restoration effort in New York City waters.
“Soundview was the only one that didn’t blow away and where we saw at least a little bit of growth on the oysters,” said Dr Allison Fitzgerald of NY/NJ Baykeeper. “They can survive. The question is how long they are surviving. There’s a big difference between surviving and thriving.”
Attempting to restore oysters to New York City’s harbor and rivers and inlets has almost no downsides. They are natural and efficient water purifiers – studies have shown each one can filter 50 gallons of water each day. “They actually pull the sediment and particles out of the water and deposit them on the ground,” Fitzgerald said. “They clean the water column as they’re eating.”
Allison Fitzgerald measures an oyster from a bed at Soundview Park in the Bronx, New York
Allison Fitzgerald measures an oyster from a bed at Soundview Park in the Bronx borough of New York.Photograph: Mary Altaffer/AP
By building reefs, oysters also make it easier for other organisms such as fish, shellfish, crabs, grasses, and birds, eventually to make a comeback in areas where human development has destroyed their habitat. And oyster reefs, like salt marshes – both of which New York City used to have in abundance – provide a barrier to storm surges, like the one that devastated downtown Manhattan and parts of Staten Island and Brooklyn during Hurricane Sandy.
“The idea isn’t to get an oyster industry going,” Dr Fitzgerald said. (For that, see the Chesapeake Bay restoration programme) “You want to create oysters for people to eat, you can do that in a hatchery.” This program has led to a diverse group of volunteers out and into the water, she says, and connecting New Yorkers to their natural environment is important.But don’t eat them. Not yet, at least. They might contain the types of chemicals and pathogens sometimes found in New York’s infamously polluted waterways. In the past, contaminated oysters harvested illegally have killed and blinded people.
There are still problems with poachers who disregard the danger. “I find people fishing and crabbing at some of our sites all the time,” said Dr Fitzgerald. “They would say, ‘Oh that’s dinner.’ They would not look twice at it.”
She added: “We also have people who are like, ‘I’ve been living in Jamaica Bay for my whole life, and my daddy before me and his daddy before him! And I eat oysters every day no problem!’ And yeah you probably glow in the dark also.”
Going forward, poachers are one of a handful of problems facing the restoration effort. There are predators – oyster drills, oyster toadfish, crabs.
The biggest obstacle is a confusing and inefficient array of bureaucracies that stand in the way of oyster reefing. Baykeeper had a proposal to bring oysters back to Freshkills Park, a 2,200-acre reserve on Staten Island that will be two-and-a-half times as large as Central Park, recently turned down by the city.
The slight still smarts. “There are a lot of benefits to having an oyster reef that far outweigh the risks,” said Dr. Fitzgerald, “but the risks to human health are hard for the regulators to get around.”
At Soundview back in May, the first field date for the oyster restoration project after the winter snows had melted, the volunteers and scientists found that the oysters’ survival rate was about average. It was a good sign.
Just across the river was the new Fulton Fish Market, the second largest in the world, where thousands of pounds of prime oysters are bought every day. New York City oysters haven’t been welcome there in decades.
The riverbed itself was mud – no grass, no marsh, very little wildlife. During intense storms, sewage treatment facilities are frequently overwhelmed and the overflow is dumped directly in rivers like the Bronx. The oysters, of course, slurp it all in

Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Giant Clams are Masters of Light

This is reprinted from New Scientist

Clever clams and algae show how best to harvest light

Little and large they may be. But giant clams have evolved a unique trick for redirecting sunlight to their microscopic algal tenants.
In many species of giant clam, photosynthetic algae live in the clam's fleshy mantle, which is exposed to the sea and sunlight through the flaps of its shell (pictured). In exchange for their home, the algae secrete glycerol, which feeds the clam.
The association is one of many in which animals work symbiotically with plants and algae to harvest the power of the sun.
But giant clams have specialised cells called iridocytes that allow algae to grow in microscopic pillars, which go about 2 millimetres deep into the clam mantle.Alison Sweeney of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia and her team have demonstrated that the iridocytes ensure that every last algal cell in the micro-pillar still gets its fill of sunlight, even though most of the 300 or so cells in each column have no direct access to the light.
"What makes this system in the clam special is that the design can extract every last photon from sunlight," says Sweeney.
By shining halogen lamps on clams, Sweeney found that iridocytes redirect the path of sunlight so that it fans out into a cone about 15 degrees wide, bathing entire pillars of algae in mild, but optimal, intensities of light. Moreover, they transmit mainly red and blue light, the wavelengths that the algae photosynthesise most efficiently, and deflect much of the green and yellow wavelengths.
"The amount and mix of light that gets through is just right for the algae," says Sweeney. "And it fans out just enough to reach all the cells in the column."
Typically, clams that live in shallow coral reefs are exposed to levels of sunlight that are enough to kill the algae.

Mimicking nature

"While earlier work speculated on the role of these iridescent cells, this paper clearly shows how clams use iridocytes to control and redistribute the light that reaches their algal symbionts," says Ryan Kerney of Gettysburg College in Pennsylvania.
Kerney says that the research also solves the puzzle of why many clams are iridescent – it's down to the green or yellow light that is reflected because it's of no use to the algae. "Animals such as starlings or butterflies generally use iridescence for display or camouflage, but giant clams do neither, instead optimising the absorption of light to suit tiny stacks of algal cells."
Sweeney and her colleague, Shu Yang, have now begun a project to try to artificially mimic the function of the iridocytes, and to test ways of growing pillars of algae.
It could drastically improve the efficiency with which algae can be farmed to produce biofuels , because it would allow the algae to be grown in layers hundreds of cells thick instead of as a single layer, or being constantly stirred to expose all cells to sunlight.
"The clams have shown us how to grow algae very densely, without having to stir them, which wastes energy," says Sweeney.

Monday, October 27, 2014

Mattapoisett Growing Oysters

We noticed this encouraging news on It is good seeing more towns moving in this direction.  

Mattapoisett oysters population on the rise, thanks to town experiment

By Georgia Sparling | Oct 14, 2014
MATTAPOISETT — Thousands of oysters grown from seed in Mattapoisett have been released into Pine Island Pond, and if all goes well, they will spawn thousands more.

Assistant Natural Resources Officer Kevin Magowan headed up the town’s first oyster farm. Beginning in June 2013, the town began growing 100,000 oyster seed in an upweller. The oysters were transferred to mesh grow-out bags and put in Pine Island Pond for the winter.
After the winter, Magowan said there were around 50,000 oysters still alive. They were then floated in bags during the summer and had grown to an average of 1.8 inches by June. By the end of September, they averaged 2.8 inches. The legal size is 3 inches.
For three Saturdays, volunteers have released around 12,400 legal sized oysters and 6,400 “sublegal” oysters that are near legal size. There are still more to broadcast, said Magowan.
Pine Island Pond was already a natural habitat for oysters, so the location is optimal for them to grow, he said.
Each female oyster can also spawn 10 to 30 million eggs in one summer, according to Magowan. Those oyster seed, in addition to more fostered seed fostered by the town would make a definite impact.
As to whether or not the oyster experiment was a success, Magowan said commercially-raised oysters sell for about $.55 each.
“I think we can beat that, and if we can’t, we definitely can next year. It’s a relatively cheap project, and I think we could see a pretty good increase in oysters,” he said.
Since the town has already invested in the upweller, it would cost a little more than $2,000 to cultivate another round of oyster seed.
“I like this method a lot better. It’s a sustainable fishery in that area,” Selectman Jordan Collyer said. “I wouldn’t hesitate to commit one more year or two more years.”

Thursday, October 23, 2014

Massachusetts Oyster Restoration Coastal Ecologist Job Opportunity

Coastal Ecologist, The Nature Conservancy (MA)

The Coastal Restoration Ecologist, an important team member at the Massachusetts Chapter of The Nature Conservancy, works under the direction of the Coastal Director and with Conservancy colleagues to implement multiple shellfish (oyster and bay scallop) restoration projects in Buzzards Bay and other state coastal waters, thus advancing the Conservancy’s coastal conservation mission. S/He provides technical/scientific expertise, in-the-water fieldwork, and project management for nearshore shellfish restoration work and facilitates measures of project success. S/He represents the Conservancy on a multi-disciplinary/multi-partner project team and collaborates with a variety of public and private individuals, agencies, organizations and communities to implement strategies. Additionally, s/he supports related research and monitoring work and helps to implement other coastal restoration strategies. The Coastal Restoration Ecologist communicates and shares information effectively to a variety of different audiences and works with Conservancy staff in Massachusetts and the New England region on similar nearshore restoration efforts.

For more information: (Job #42536).

Thursday, October 9, 2014

Massachusetts Environmental Job Opportunity- It is not oyster restoration, but it will pay the bills

In our efforts to keep our readers informed of interesting employment opportunities we share this link. 

Environmental Analyst V
Agency Name:Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs
Official Title:Environmental Analyst V
Functional Title:MEPA Analyst
Occupational Group:Physical Science
Position Type:EX - Exempt from Civil Services
Full-Time or Part-Time:Full-Time
Salary Range:$66,982.76 to $91,931.32 Annually
Bargaining Unit:09
Number Of Vacancies:1
Facility Location:100 Cambridge St., 9th floor
Application Deadline:10-14-2014
Apply Online:Yes
Posting ID:J44179

This position is funded from the Commonwealth's annual operating budget.

Work as member of the Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act Office (MEPA). The MEPA Office conducts environmental impact reviews of a broad range of public and private projects. Issues studied include wetlands, coastal resources, ground and surface water quality, water supplies, wastewater treatment and discharge, storm water, solid waste management, traffic, air quality, archaeological / historical resources, and greenhouse gas emissions.

The Environmental Analyst V oversees the review of projects submitted to the MEPA Office by proponents. This includes reviewing Environmental Notification forms, Environmental Impact Reports, Notice of Project Change, and Waiver requests: conducting site visits and public consultation meetings with proponents, local and state officials, and interested members of the public: evaluating information supplied by proponents, permitting agencies and other commenters: recommending whether a project requires an Environmental Impact Report: preparing the scope of study for EIRs: evaluating the adequacy of submitted EIRs in responding to scopes: and preparing decision certificates for approval by the Secretary of Environmental Affairs.


Duty 1. Serves as primary reviewer of assigned Environmental Notification Forms and Notice of Project Change, as well as public agency and comments associated with assigned projects. Where further review is required, develop the scope of study and associated information to be included in an EIR.

Duty 2. Serves as primary reviewer of Environmental Impact Reports as well as agency comments associated with assigned projects.

Duty 3. Sets up, drives to, and conducts public consultation sessions with project proponents, members of the public, agency staff, and local and state officials.

Duty 4. Prepares recommended decisions for the Secretary and MEPA Director, including all Certificates and correspondence associated with assigned projects.
Duty 5. Communicates and coordinates with agency staff (internal and external), elected officials and the public with regard to all aspects of assigned projects under MEPA review.

Duty 6. Conducts special projects (e.g. committee assignments, research, etc.)

QUALIFICATIONS ACQUIRED ON JOB (List knowledge, skills, abilities)

Thorough knowledge of the MEPA statute and regulations.
Good working knowledge of relevant state and federal environmental permitting requirements and procedures.
Familiarity with broad range of environmental issues in Massachusetts.
Knowledge of the types and uses of agency forms

Applicants must have at least six years of full-time, or equivalent part-time, technical or professional experience in the field of environmental science, biology, chemistry, earth science, environmental health, meteorology, natural science, toxicology or public health, of which (B) at least four years must have been in a professional capacity, and of which (C) at least two years must have been in a supervisory, managerial or administrative capacity, or (D) any equivalent combination of the required experience and the following substitutions.

I. An Associates degree with a major in the field of environmental science, biology, chemistry, earth science, environmental health, meteorology, natural science, toxicology or public health may be substituted for a maximum of one year of the required (A) experience.*

II. A Bachelor's degree with a major in the field of environmental science, biology, chemistry, earth science, environmental health, meteorology, natural science, toxicology or public health may be substituted for a maximum of two years of the required (A) experience.*

III. A Graduate degree with a major in environmental science, biology, chemistry, earth science, environmental health, meteorology, natural science, toxicology or public health may be substituted for a maximum of three years of the required (A) experience and one year of the required (B) experience.*

*Education toward such a degree will be prorated on the basis of the proportion of the requirements actually competed.

NOTE: Educational substitutions will only be permitted for a maximum of one year of the required (B) experience. No substitutions will be permitted for the required (C) experience.

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS: Based on assignment, possession of a current and valid Massachusetts Class D Motor Vehicle Operator's License.
Preferred Qualifications:
Graduate training and six years or more of professional experience (additional experience may be considered a substitute for graduate training); solid problem solving skills; ability to work under pressure; excellent communications skills including writing and public speaking; strong administrative/organizational skills and experience. Must be able to drive to site consultations that may take place anywhere within the Commonwealth.
Salary is commensurate with experience.

To learn more about Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act (MEPA) go to

How To Apply:


If you are applying for this position on-line, you must create a profile and log in .

On-line submission is strongly preferred.

If you do not wish to apply for this position on-line, and would prefer to send your resume and cover letter by mail, please send to:

Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs
100 Cambridge Street, Suite 900
Boston, MA 02114
Attn: Pauline Christopher, Personnel Analyst

Applicants who are unable to apply online due to disability are asked to contact Pauline Christopher at 617-626-1019.

Tuesday, October 7, 2014

Recycled Oyster Shell- An Underappreciated Commodity

This article on the use of recycled oyster shell appeared in the Fredericksburg Virginia Free-lance Star. it does a nice job talking aobut the use of oyster shell in oyster restoration programs. 

The shell recylcing program at Mass Oyster is gaining momentum as we recently collected shell generated from the Battery Wharf Oyster Festival at the Fairmont Battery Wharf and the mandarin oriental in addition to our stalwart participants at the Langham Boston. 

This Summer we worked with three scout troops (one girl, one boy, and one cub) to place shell in three locations in Winthrop. Sadly despite the presence of oysters nearby we did not see much of a set upon them. The size of the oyster set can vary considerably. This year Wellfleet had a terrific set- last year a bit less so. The direction of the prevailing winds and temperatures during key times can make a difference.  We will continue to monitor the shell as it is there waiting for a spat to call it home. 

Oyster shells a hot commodity in Virginia

oysters crop
REEDVILLE—For Richard Harding Jr., the cascading clatter of oyster shells and the “beep, beep, beep” of a tractor moving between a 20-foot pile of shells is the sound of success.
Up until three years ago, Harding, who manages Purcell’s Seafood, a relatively small oyster house on the Little Wicomico River in Reedville, was selling his shells to the state for reef restoration projects.
Now, he uses it all in-house. The pile is his personal Fort Knox, an insurance policy to cover a year when harvests might dip.
“Years ago, oysters weren’t growing and living that well,” he said. “Now I’m more optimistic about the oyster industry than I ever have been.”
That optimism goes all the way to Richmond. In July, Gov. Terry McAuliffe declared Virginia “the oyster capital of the East Coast.” He said the industry is now worth about $58 million to the state economy.
But the phenomenal growth of oyster farming over the last decade has an upshot: As the supply of shells declines, the price keeps going up.
The shells, once so abundant they were used for roads and foundations, are now a limited resource.
“Shells are the currency for oyster success,” said Jim Wesson, who heads the state’s oyster conservation and replenishment efforts. “In nature, we’re never making back enough oysters with big shells because we have oyster diseases in the bay.”
It used to cost 75 cents for a bushel of shells. Now a bushel can sell for as much as $6.
“It’s really gone up in the past several years as the kind of market shortage of shell has occurred,” said Susan Conner, who heads the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ oyster restoration program.
In fact, oyster shells have become so valuable that Virginia uses them as matching “funds” to qualify for federal funding for oyster reef restoration projects with the Corps of Engineers’ Norfolk District.
States and the federal government are supposed to split costs 75–25. So if a project costs $2 million, Virginia has to come up with $500,000. But the state, burdened by a heavy budget deficit, doesn’t have the funds for its share.
So the corps agreed to accept dredged fossilized oyster shells from the James River in lieu of cash.
“They have been able to provide that kind of funding through their shell value,” said Conner. “We use a market value of a bushel of shell to evaluate how much to give them for the shell they dredge up.”
Conner said the Corps is studying additional fossil deposits in Virginia that might be used in the future.
No story about Chesapeake Bay oysters can be told without explaining that during the last century the population has dwindled—victims of disease, loss of habitat, pollution and over-harvesting.
Over the last five years, science and aquaculture have worked together to bring the industry back, some by way of a lab-grown, disease-resistant, sterile oyster called the triploid. The state provided the incentive by leasing public oyster grounds for a small fee.
Every year, more watermen are ditching their crab pots and taking up oystering either on public grounds or as oyster farmers.
Today, there are 764 licensed aquaculture harvesters leasing nearly 114,000 acres (more than twice the size of Washington, D.C.) at $1.50 an acre per year. That price has remained the same since 1960, according to the Virginia Marine Resources Commission. Before that, it was $1 per year.
To understand why shells have become such an important commodity, you have to understand the needs of a baby oyster.
Once waters have warmed, oysters begin releasing sperm and egg. Fertilized eggs drift in the water eating phytoplankton and developing a foot-like appendage.
Next they move to the bottom of a river, where they search for a hard surface, preferably oyster shell, to “strike” by attaching their feet to it with a kind of oyster glue. From this point, they grow their shell and become what’s called spat.
Oysters grow about 1 inch in a year and are considered market size at about 3 inches.
Farmers grow either native Virginia oysters or the triploid using two methods. This is where the shells come in.
Spat-on-shell is a method where larvae are introduced to tanks filled with empty oyster shells onto which they attach and grow. The shells will be planted in a river bottom or grown in cages, racks or floats, and eventually harvested for shucking.
The second method is more specialized for the half-shell market. It uses crushed oyster shell to obtain the single-oysters prized by restaurants.
Purcell’s grows native Virginia oysters using both methods. On an average day, Harding harvests 30 to 40 bushels of oysters he’s planted on grounds he leases from the state.
Purcell’s shucks its own oysters in addition to those it buys from local watermen. Some of the shells will go into the river, put down as a hard surface onto which spat-on-shell oysters are “planted.”
Others are planted with a cooperative of aquaculturists in the nearby Great Wicomico River, so wild oyster larvae can strike.
Harding will transplant the wild baby oysters to his leased oyster grounds and eventually harvest them for market.
When Harding was selling his shells to the state, they went for about $1.25 for a bushel. Now, he says he could sell them for about $3.
He has about 10,000 bushels piled up.
“They’re worth more to me than selling them to someone else,” he said.
Neighboring oyster houses said they are being offered up to $6 per bushel by North Carolina and Maryland.
There is another factor driving the need for shells. In 2009, President Obama signed an executive order directing the federal government to protect and restore the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. Part of that initiative is to restore oyster reefs in 10 tributaries by 2025.
Oyster shell is key to reef restoration because oyster larvae prefer it more than any other surface. It’s what the corps, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and environmentalists like the Chesapeake Bay Foundation try to use.
“Unfortunately, there aren’t enough shells for restoration in Maryland and Virginia,” said Jackie Shannon, CBF’s oyster restoration manager for Virginia.
CBF has established a shell recycling program with restaurants, localities and other large oyster consumers in Virginia and Maryland. The foundation also uses clam and mussel shells for their projects.
Still, that’s not enough.
So the states, the corps and groups such as the CBF have begun to innovate with oyster shell surrogates.
CBF has had great success with a concrete reef ball, an igloo-like structure that stands 2 feet tall and 2 feet at the base and is seeded with oyster larvae in a large tank. Once the larvae become spat, the balls are planted around an existing reef.
Depending on the reef size, CBF will plant anywhere from 100 to 300 balls. Since 2010, CBF has planted more than 900 reef balls in the Piankatank and Lafayette rivers.
Across the bay, Maryland has deployed more than 2,500 reef balls since they began planting them in 2008; some incorporate concrete from Baltimore’s demolished Memorial Stadium.
The state also is spending nearly $9 million to haul more than 112,000 tons of fossilized oyster shell from Florida for a large restoration project that will also incorporate granite.
“Luckily the state can use our fossil shells and we don’t have to get into the bidding wars with other people trying to get shells,” said Wesson.
He said the state also buys from recyclers who save concrete from demolition jobs.
This year Virginia received $500,000 from The Nature Conservancy for a project in the Piankatank. The money will be used for another partnership with the Corps and NOAA to experiment with using clean ground concrete for a reef in the river.
Wesson said the method has proved successful in rebuilding reefs in the Gulf of Mexico after Katrina and the BP oil spill decimated oysters there. The Gulf, still the No. 1 oyster producer in the U.S., is also experiencing a shell shortage.

Friday, October 3, 2014

Oyster Restoration in New Jersey-- Something is happening.... Sorry Chris Christie

Wow!  We had been under the impression that little oyster restoration was underway in NJ. And once we publish on it. Boom! We learn otherwise. The article below was published in the Middletown News. To see the original article visit this link.

Governor Christie, if you took offense, we will come to NJ and shuck 100 oysters for you to make up for our gaffe.

Volunteers wade through chill waters to retrieve bags of shells

Attention: open in a new window. 
Volunteers wade through chilly waters to retrieve bags of clam shells covered in oyster spat.CAPE MAY COURT HOUSE – More than 30 area residents volunteered to wade through chilly waters recently to pull 15-pound bags of clam shells from the shallows in the Delaware Bay to help restore an oyster reef near Gandy’s Beach in Cumberland County.
[photos courtesy Jenny Paterno]
The shells were covered with oyster larvae that swarm the bay during the summer, near the Rutgers Cape Shore Laboratory in Cape May Court House.
“Our volunteers were a diverse group including families, oyster growers, educators, Anheuser Busch employees and students and faculty from Westtown School in West Chester, Pa.,” said Lisa Calvo, a marine scientist with Rutgers.
The event, held Sunday, Sept. 14, was part of Project Ports, or Promoting Oyster Restoration through Schools.
In June, kindergarten through eighth grade students filled bags with shells, which were then dropped onto submerged sandbars in the bay off the shore of Middle Township.
Oyster larvae settled on the shells throughout the summer, and the bags were harvested in September by a group of hardy volunteers.
The initial plan had been to put the bags onto a barge for the trip to up the coast, but Calvo said high winds made the journey unsafe.
Instead, the larvae-laden shells were loaded onto trucks and driven to Cumberland County.
“Project Ports is a community-based oyster restoration program developed and coordinated by Rutgers University's Haskin Shellfish Research Laboratory,” Calvo said. “We partner with the American Littoral Society to engage summer volunteers and transplant the shell bags.”
Calvo said the project is an outreach projects that supports the community, as well creating awareness of the Delaware Bay.
The oyster restoration site near Gandy’s Beach is part of a 10-acre plot owned by the state.

High winds prevented a barge from making the trip up the coast, so volunteers load bags of shell onto a truck for the trip to the oyster reef near Gandy’s Beach in Cumberland County.High winds prevented a barge from making the trip up the coast, so volunteers load bags of shell onto a truck for the trip to the oyster reef near Gandy’s Beach in Cumberland County.

Oyster spat covers a clam shell.Oyster spat covers a clam shell.