|Massachusetts Representative Dan Ryan|
- 1. We want to bring back our oyster populations as their reefs improve fishing by sheltering over 300 other types of creatures that feed striped bass. And they filter the water.
- 2. The bill would streamlines and improves our cumbersome oyster restoration permitting process which is one of the most restrictive on the East Coast.
- 3. It would make it possible to tap into federal dollars for oyster restoration. $86 million has gone into the Chesapeake Bay and recently New York received $5 million in Federal dollars just to educate students about the program to reintroduce oysters to New York City’s waters.
- 4. Those Federal dollars create jobs.
- 5. Note that this bill does not negatively affect our growing aquaculture business, call for public expenditures or change the town’s control of their waters.
Chapter 130 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2014 Official Edition, is hereby amended by inserting after section 20A, the following section:-
Section 20B. (a) As used in this section, the following words shall, unless the context clearly requires otherwise, have the following meanings:-
“Acting entity”, an organization, including but not limited to an academic institution, nonprofit, or local organization that partners with a municipality to place and maintain oysters in an area designated under the OREP program.
“Eligible coastal waters”, all classifications of coastal water including waters classified as open for shell fishing, conditionally open for shell fishing, conditionally closed for shell fishing, and closed for shell fishing.
(b) Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, the division shall establish a program to be known as the Oyster Restoration for Environmental Purposes program, or OREP, for the purpose of placing oysters in any eligible coastal waters, regardless of classification, to improve water quality and environmental conditions by offsetting run-off pollution, attracting and sustaining other sea life, improving the local environment for subaquatic flora, including eelgrass, through water quality enhancement, and creating or enhancing fish habitat. Under the OREP program, municipalities or acting entities may place oysters in any OREP area designated by a municipality and approved by the division pursuant to subsection (c).
(c) A municipality, by vote of the board of selectmen, in the case of a town, or by vote of the city council, in the case of a city, may designate any eligible coastal water as an OREP area. Following such designation, the municipality or the acting entity shall file an application with the division. The application shall include:
(i) proof of municipal designation;
(ii) site location;
(iii) plan for placement, including the number of oysters, substrate, and a timetable;
(iv) description of the acting entity, if any;
(v) municipal oversight and posting ;
(vi) approvals from other relevant regulatory authorities, if needed; and
(vii) if the site is in waters less than fully open to shell fishing, a municipal contaminated area management plan, through which the municipality or acting entity shall minimize risk by seeking locations with limited access, establishing suitable monitoring, and, if necessary, a method for warning the public of the inadvisability of shell fishing and consumption of shellfish from the area through multi-lingual posting and other public media.
The division shall review the application but shall not unreasonably deny the application on the basis of water classification. The division may reply with questions and ask for clarifications within 30 consecutive calendar days. Once the acting entity has responded to the questions, the division shall have another 30 days to review and respond. Failure of the division to respond in 45 consecutive calendar days to any application shall be deemed an approval.
Upon any approval, the division shall issue the necessary permits or licenses required .
(d) The town or municipality may establish and oversee an OREP area directly, or may partner with an acting entity to carry out the planting and upkeep of said area.
(e) The acting entity shall provide annually to the division and the municipality a report on the progress of the location with estimates of the population and reproduction of shellfish, the involvement of the community, and any other quantifiable benefits or notable observations. Failure to comply may result in the municipality's curtailment or revocation of the acting entity's permits .
(f) Once placed, the oysters are viewed as property of the municipality, and shall not be moved or removed without the permission of the municipality.
(g) Oysters placed under this program shall not be eligible for commercial harvest at any time, unless: (1) the placed waters are classified or re-classified as approved for harvest by the division; (2) the oysters are acceptable for harvest according to federal regulations; and (3) the acting entity is amenable to such change .
(h) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit any requirements of the National Shellfish Sanitation Program.
(i) The division may promulgate rules and regulations necessary to implement the requirements of this section.